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What is Ayurveda ?Ayurveda is a Sanskrit term for “knowledge of longevity.”  Ayus – “life”, veda – “science”

It is the earliest  health care system of India beginning  over 5,000 years ago.

Ayurveda (pronounced I‐your‐vay‐da) was cognized by the ancient yogis from deep states of meditation and taught in an oral tradition from teacher to student

Ayurveda contain three Parts:

  • CharakaSamhita(1st century AD, internal medicine)
  • SusrutaSamhita( 4‐5 century BC, surgery)
  • AshtangaHridayamSamhita (main principles of therapy written 8th century AD)                                                                              Ayurveda includes healthy living along with therapeutic measures that relate to physical, mental, social and spiritual physical, mental, social and spiritual harmony.

Ayurveda based on the following theories : theories :

1. Pancha Mahabhuta Theory (Five Elements) (Five Elements)

2. Tri-dosha theory (Vata, Pitta, Kapha Three Body Humors)

3. Sapta-dhatu theory (Seven Body Tissues)

The basic premise of Ayurveda is that the entire cosmos or universe is part of one singular cosmos or universe. Everything that exists in the vast external universe (macrocosm), also appears in the internal cosmos of the human body the internal cosmos of the human body (microcosm).

  • All matter is composed of the five universal elements; namely the  “panchamahabhutas” (pan cha ma ha boot tas).
  • Theyare termed as:
  • ether ‐ akasha
  • air ‐ vayu
  • fire ‐ tejas or agni
  • water ‐ jal
  • earth ‐ prithvi

Humans are considered miniature versions of the universe, composed of the five elements and four forces:

  • atma‐ soul
  • manas‐  mind
  • kala‐  cycles of time
  • indriyas‐  senses
  • The five elements manifest from universal consciousness into  individual consciousness as three attributes or mental gunas:
  • sattva‐ equanimity
  • rajas‐  activity
  • tamas‐ inertia

The gunas also manifest as behavioral and moral tendencies.

  • sattvic mental constitution is pure minded, compassionate, clear and cooperative.   rajasic mental constitution is egotistical, ambitious,  aggressive, selfish, competitive, controlling and restless.    tamasic mental constitution is lazy, possessive, depressed,  sad and dull.
  • The five elements manifest from universal consciousness into  individual consciousness as three attributes or mental gunas:
  • sattva‐ equanimity
  • rajas‐  activity
  • tamas‐ inertia

The gunas also manifest as behavioral and moral tendencies.

sattvic mental constitution is pure minded, compassionate,    clear and cooperative.   rajasicmental constitution is egotistical, ambitious,  aggressive, selfish, competitive, controlling and restless.   tamasic mental constitution is lazy, possessive, depressed,  sad and dull.